Thursday, November 5, 2009

Mary, Queen of Scots

(NOTE BENE: This is in continuation of my response rant to Sharon Doubiago's conflated claim that Mary, Queen of Scots was a Norman. I rambled on, and off task, but some of the facts I uncovered in my meanderings were interesting.

I gave this piece a separate blog status as Mary, Queen of Scots was born half a millennium after the Battle of Hastings. So it was a little hard to justify explaining the information as to who the Normans were and the parentage of Mary, Queen of Scots all in the same breath! As for Mary Queen of Scots—of both Scottish and French extraction, she isn't Norman. After writing of the Norman Conquests, I pretty much lost my train of thought so this diatribe becomes more of a chronicle of her life, painting a picture.

Now that it is an orphaned piece of writing, I will probably need to go back and make it into a stand-alone blog... But for now, here it is in all its glowing newborn wartiness.

God knows what possesses me to take on these historical rampages. Ultimately, to learn something new. The origin of the word, "apologia" is to argue a point. So this, then, is my apology. Mea culpea. I was looking at Mary through different eyes.)

Elizabeth's first cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots (1542-1587) was plagued with extraordinary bad luck and poor choice of love interests for which she paid dearly. Her father, James V was the son of King James IV of Scotland (House of Stewart) and princess Margaret Tudor of England.

(BTW, Margaret was a Norman Plantagenet, and James IV was half Scottish and half Danish.) But all the mostly Celtic Jamess (there was the Maid of Norway too) were born at Sterling castle, Scotland. So what makes a nationality? Birthright or bloodline—two different concepts—too often in conflict. Mary's mother Mary of Guise was a Bourbon—from Lorraine. Mary, of the Scottish House of Stewart, changed the spelling to Stuart later.)

"...before her [Margaret's] sixth birthday, Henry VII conceived of a marriage between James and Margaret, as a way of heading off the Scottish king's support for the Yorkist pretender to the throne of England..."

"Mary, Queen of Scots and, in France, as Marie Stuart) (8 December 1542 – 8 February 1587) was Queen of Scots from 14 December 1542 to 24 July 1567. She was the only surviving legitimate child of King James V. She was six days old when her father died, which event made her Queen of Scots. Her mother, Mary of Guise, assumed regency and her daughter was crowned nine months later."

Point being here that 5 centuries after the Battle of Hastings. So is Scottish born Mary, Queen of Scots, (whose Scottish-born and raised father, grandfather, great grandfather, etc.,) a Norman????

Mary, when she was born, was legal heir to the British AND the Scottish throne, she became a pawn of Henry VIII, in the Catholic-Protestant wars in 1542.

At 6 days old, her father James died, and at 9 months old, she was crowned Queen of Scots, at age one, she was betrothed to Edward, a 6-year (illegitimate) heir to Henry in order to thwart her inheritance (and thus make Scotland Protestant).

Then in 1547, at age five, she was shipped off to Catholic France to marry the 14-year old Dauphin, King of France, but she was not Queen of France for long, he died the following year.

In 1565, 23-year-old Mary married a cousin (for love), Henry Stewart, Lord Darnley, who stood in line AFTER her to the English throne. The marriage was a disaster. She was 6-months pregnant, Darnley, who had aspirations for the crown, murdered her secretary in front of her.

He was murdered in 1567, she was framed for it and fled with the then married Bothwell...they did a Henry VII— he divorced, they married in a Protestant church and all hell broke out. So much for the What's good for the goose is good for the gander...idea.

She was imprisoned in 1567, and forced to abdicate to her year-old son, James VI, two months later. During the next 20 years, she was a prisoner of her cousin Elizabeth I (because she was the legitimate Catholic sovereign to the crown) until she was murdered by Elizabeth (who was illigitimate, BTW) in 1587 after an assassination attempt (or 3) in which Mary was implicated.

Bad luck followed Mary even in death. When Mary’s neck was stretched across the executioner's block, the executioner missed and had to strike twice in order to remove her head.

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