Sunday, May 16, 1999

HENRY III, LORD OF IRELAND: GRANT OF TOLLS IN DUBLIN, 1233, 1250



Henry III, Lord of Ireland:  Grant of Tolls in Dublin, 1233

Tolls were sometimes granted over a limited period of time, and for a specific object. The commodities named as entering the port of Dublin were not of such great variety but, as is apparent from the text, the list is incomplete.

The King to his beloved and faithful, the mayor and honest men of Dublin, greeting.

Know you that we have conceded in aid of our city of Dublin, for the enclosing and fortifying for security and defense of the same city, and of the parts adjacent, the following toll, which you may take in that city of Dublin from Christmas day for three complete years:

From every crannock of wheat coming to be sold at Dublin, 1 obole.
From every crannock of oats coming to be sold at the same city, 1 obole.
From every horse or mare, ox or cow, brought here for sale, 1 denarius.
From 5 hogs brought here for sale, 1 denarius.
From 6 sheep brought here for sale, 1 denarius.
From every last of hides brought here to be sold, and to be taken away, 12 denarii.
From every saccus of wool coming to the same city for sale, 3 denarii.
From every cask of wine coming here to be sold, 2 denarii.
From every pisa of grain coming here for sale, 2 denarii.
From every load of lead coming here for sale, 2 denarii.
From every bundle of cloth or other merchandise coming here, 2 denarii.
From every crannock of salt coming here for sale, 2 denarii.
From every pisa of fat, or from every pisa of cheese, coming here for sale, 1 denarius.
From every cask of honey or butter coming here for sale, 4 denarii.
From every mesa of herrings coming here for sale, 1 quadrans.
From every centenum of salmon coming here for sale, 1 denarius.
From every centenum of merchandise, to be sold by weight, coming here for sale, 2 denarii.

But by reason of this grant of ours nothing shall be taken from any of the said goods after the three years are completed; but immediately on the completion of that period the custom shall cease, and be utterly abolished. And therefore we command you that, as an aid to enclosing the said city, you take the said custom up to the end of the period, just as has been said.

Witness, the King, at Winchelcombe, on the twenty-eighth day of October, in the eighteenth year of our reign.


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Henry III, Lord of Ireland:  Grant of Tolls in Dublin, 1250

Another grant of the same type as the one made in 1233 to Dublin was made for the same purpose in 1250. This list is much more complete, and indicates a greater traffic or a resort to more desperate measures for raising the necessary funds. The two Dublin grants, because of their temporary nature and purpose, represent a departure from the strictly feudal type of toll, and more nearly resemble a modern tariff.

The King to all, etc., greeting.

Be it known that for all things, and for all salable merchandise coming into our city of Dublin, we have granted to the good and true men, our citizens of the same city, for three years, the following aids for the enclosing and strengthening of that city, namely:

From every crannock of grain, 1 quadrans.
From every crannock of flour, either entering or leaving the port of Dublin, 1 quadrans.
From every dolium of wine, 2 denarii.
From every dolium of honey, 4 denarii.
From every fleece of wool, 1 denarius.
From every dykker of hides, 1 denarius.
From every dykter of deer skins, goat skins, or horse hides, an obole.
From every large ship, 16 denarii.
From every small ship, 8 denarii.
From every piece of English or foreign cloth, 1 obole.
From every piece of Irish cloth, 1 quadrans.
From every crannock of woad, 2 denarii.
From every crannock of salt, entering or leaving the said port, 1 quadrans.
From every bar of iron, 1 obole.
From every mesa of herrings, entering or leaving the said port, 1 quadrans.
From every ox, cow, or mare, 1 denarius.
From eight sheep, 1 denarius.
From every hog or side of bacon, 1 quadrans.
From a hundred boards, 1 quadrans.
From a hundred horse-irons, 1 obole.
From every pisa of onions, or butter, or fat, 1 obole.
From every hundred pounds of pepper, 2 denarii.
From a hundred pounds of wax, 2 denarii.
From a hundred pounds of alum, 2 denarii.
From every mill-stone, 1 obole.
From every hundred ells of linen cloth, 1 denarius.
From every hundred ells of canvas, 1 denarius.
From every load of lead, 2 denarii.
From every crannock of beans, 1 quadrans.
From every dozen kitchen utensils, 1 obole.
From every hundred pounds of metal, 1 denarius.
From every hundred pounds of fat pork, 1 denarius.
From a hundred pounds of fat, 1 denarius.
From merchandise to the value of 3 solidi, 1 quadrans.
From one hundred lamb-skins, 1 obole.
From one hundred squirrel-skins, 1 denarius.
From one hundred pounds of pitch, 1 obole.
From every load of iron, 1 obole.
From every dozen linden cords, 1 quadrans.

Witness, the King, at Bistlesham, on the thirtieth day of May.
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Source: J. T. Gilbert, ed., Historical and Municipal Documents of Ireland, (London: Longmans, Green, 1870), pp. 124-125; reprinted in Roy C. Cave & Herbert H. Coulson, A Source Book for Medieval Economic History, (Milwaukee: The Bruce Publishing Co., 1936; reprint ed., New York: Biblo & Tannen, 1965), pp. 415-416. Unless otherwise indicated the specific electronic form of the document is copyright. Permission is granted for electronic copying, distribution in print form for educational purposes and personal use. If you do reduplicate the document, indicate the source. No permission is granted for commercial use. The text has been modernized by Prof. Arkenberg, Cal. State Fullerton.  This text is part of the Internet Medieval Sourcebook. The Sourcebook is a collection of public domain and copy-permitted texts related to medieval and Byzantine history. © Paul Halsall, October 1998  halsall@fordham.edu



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